Third Scorpene Submarine ‘Karanj’ Launched
Photo- The President Navy Wives Welfare Association, Reena Lanba along with the Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba launching the third Scorpene Submarine ‘Karanj’, at Mazagon Docks, Mumbai.
The third Scorpene class submarine constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) for the Indian Navy has been launched. The submarine ‘Karanj’, the third after the recently commissioned INS Kalvari and to-be-commissioned Khanderi, has been launched by Reena Lanba, President, Navy Wives Welfare Association, at a ceremony held at MDL. Admiral Sunil Lanba, Chief of the Naval Staff has been the chief guest on the occasion. Karanj is the third of the six Scorpene-class submarines being built by (MDL) under the P-75I project. The historic event has reaffirmed the giant strides taken through the ongoing ‘Make in India’ programme, which is being actively implemented by the Department of Defence Production (MoD).
Admiral Sunil Lanba has said that the launch of Karanj marked a significant departure from the manning and training philosophy that was adopted for the first two submarines and added that from third submarine onwards the Navy would be fully self-reliant in training and certification processes. He has also mentioned that the old Karanj had served the nation for 34 years from 1969 to 2003 including participation in 1971 war. After the launch, the submarine has been towed to Mumbai Port Trust, for separation from the pontoon.
“Karanj will now undergo rigorous trials and tests, both in harbour and at sea before it is commissioned into the Navy. It is one of the most advanced submarines and better than those that the enemy country has. As of now, four to five companies have responded to the request for information (RFI) issued by the Indian navy. The meeting has also been conducted with the Indian navy and finalisation of the firm will soon be decided. Karanj is expected to be handed over to the Navy after two years,” said Lanba.
The state-of- the-art technology utilised for construction of the Scorpene class submarines has ensured superior stealth features such as advanced acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels, hydro-dynamically optimized shape and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapons. The attack can be launched with both torpedoes and tube launched anti-ship missiles, whilst underwater or on surface. The stealth of this potent platform is enhanced by the special attention given to various signatures. These stealth features give Karanj an invulnerability, unmatched by most submarines.
According to MDL, Scorpene submarines can undertake multifarious types of missions i.e anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying, area surveillance etc. The submarine is designed to operate in all theatres, with means provided to ensure interoperability with other components of a Naval Task Force. It is a potent platform, marking a generational shift in submarine operations.
Last year, on 14 December 2017, INS Kalvari, the first Scorpene class submarine was commissioned into the Indian Navy, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Khanderi, the second Scorpene class submarine has been launched in January 2017 and is currently undergoing the rigorous phase of sea trials and is also scheduled to be delivered shortly. The Scorpene submarines are a primary modernisation requirement of the Indian Navy at a time when the Chinese navy has a growing presence in the Indian Ocean.
Leveraging the experience and the transfer-of-technology of the Scorpene project, with enhanced and upgraded infrastructure, MDL is ready to undertake construction of the next generation submarines. The contract for the construction and transfer-of-technology for six Scorpene submarines in series has M/s Naval Group (formerly DCNS) of France as ‘Collaborator’ and are being built by MDL.